A recent Supreme Court case significantly expanded the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) overtime exemptions. As a result, fewer workers in Columbus may be eligible for time-and-a-half and other wage benefits.
In Encino Motorcars v. Navarro, a sharply-divided Court held that automobile dealer service advisers were primarily salesmen and therefore not eligible for overtime. Writing for the majority, Justice Clarence Thomas heavily relied on an “or” in the statute to justify the conclusion. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg wrote a lengthy dissent in which the other three liberal justices joined.
Navarro is just the latest in a long series of struggles over the definition and meaning of overtime eligibility under the FLSA. In 2017, then-President Barack Obama tried to essentially rewrite the rules in a way that would benefit employees, but business groups successfully blocked the changes.
One inherent issue with the FLSA classification rules is that they are extremely broad. Lawmakers intentionally drafted them in this way, so they could apply to a wide range of situations. So, it’s very important to have an experienced attorney in these cases who will give your interpretation a strong voice.
The categories have remained relatively unchanged over the years. Some of the most common overtime exemptions are:
Some farmworkers, agricultural laborers, and other seasonal employees are also ineligible for overtime under the FLSA.
Salaried employees are usually ineligible for overtime, but they have some other protections. For example, it’s much more difficult for employers to dock their paychecks. The only allowable deductions are:
These rules are quite complex. If money was unexpectedly missing from your check, talk to an attorney about the situation.
The wage/hour rules are in a near-constant state of change. For a free consultation with an experienced employment discrimination attorney in Columbus, contact Marshall Forman & Schlein LLC. We routinely handle matters in Franklin County and jurisdictions throughout Ohio.
Attorney Advertising. This information is designed for general information only. The information presented should not be construed to be formal legal advice nor the formation of a lawyer/client relationship. Past results and testimonials are not a guarantee, warranty, or prediction of the outcome of your case, and should not be construed as such. Past results cannot guarantee future performance. Any result in a single case is not meant to create an expectation of similar results in future matters because each case involves many different factors, therefore, results will differ on a case-by-case basis. By providing certain contact information herein, you are expressly authorizing the recipient of this message to contact you via the methods of communication provided.